Q. I was racing down the cellar stairs a few days ago when I slipped and fell on my tailbone. I’ve had pain ever since. What should I do about it?
The coccyx (tailbone) is made up of three to five vertebrae at the lower end of the spine. Most people have a coccyx of four of these spinal bones. The coccyx functions as an attachment site for muscles, tendons and ligaments.
Coccyx comes from the Greek word for cuckoo. The coccyx’s shape is like the beak of a cuckoo. The human coccyx is considered a vestige of what was once a tail.
Q. What are the options for treating prostate cancer?
Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer among men in the United States.
Treatment for prostate cancer works best when the disease is found early.
There are many options for treating prostate cancer:
Observation. If the cancer is growing slowly, you may decide to wait and watch.
Hormone therapy. This stops cancer cells from growing.
Q. A friend of mine has Meniere’s disease. What is it exactly?
Meniere’s disease is an inner-ear disorder that produces a group of symptoms including vertigo, a spinning sensation that can lead to nausea and vomiting. Meniere’s usually occurs in only one ear.
The disease was named after French physician Prosper Ménière, who first described it in 1861. Meniere’s main symptoms are:
Attacks of vertigo without warning that last 20 minutes to more than two hours.
Permanent hearing loss that is suffered by most people with Meniere’s.
Q. I’m 68-years-old and I want to know how much Vitamin D you need to be healthy.
The Office of Dietary Supplements in the National Institutes of Health recommends the following daily dietary allowances: 400 IU for children under one year; 600 IU for everyone 1-70 years old, and 800 IU for everyone more than 70-years-old.
Q. What are the most common symptoms that you’re having a stroke?
The most common stroke symptoms include: sudden numbness, weakness, or paralysis of the face, arm or leg, usually on one side of the body; trouble talking or understanding; sudden blurred, double or decreased vision; dizziness, loss of balance or coordination; a sudden headache with a stiff neck, facial pain, pain between the eyes, vomiting or altered consciousness; confusion, or problems with memory, spatial orientation or perception.
Q. I get the winter blues every year. I was wondering how many people suffer the way I do.
The medical term for winter depression is Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD). Symptoms usually begin in late fall or early winter and go away by summer. A less common type of depression occurs in the summer. SAD has been linked to a biochemical imbalance in the brain prompted by shorter daylight hours and a lack of sunlight in winter.
Q. My toe nails and leg hair don’t seem to be growing as fast as they used to. Is this age-related or is it something else?
It could be caused by something harmless, but it is possible that it is a little-known symptom of peripheral arterial disease (PAD). If I were you, I’d go to a doctor for a check-up.
PAD usually affects legs, but also can affect blood vessels to your head, arms, kidneys, and stomach. Your chances of getting PAD increase with age. About one in five over 65 has PAD.
Second of two parts
The shoulder is made up of three bones: the collarbone, shoulder blade and upper arm bone.
The shoulder is the body’s most movable joint. It is also unstable because the ball of the upper arm is larger than the shoulder socket that holds it. The unstable shoulder is held in place by soft tissue: muscles, tendons and ligaments.
First of two parts
Q. You can settle a bet for me. Who gets shoulder problems more often, athletes or seniors?
Athletes such as pitchers, tennis players and swimmers are especially susceptible to shoulder problems because of their repetitive overhead motions. However, shoulder problems are most likely to victimize people older than 60. You can deduce that, as a group, old athletes are at the highest risk of shoulder injury.
Q. What percentage of older men have erectile dysfunction (ED)?
The incidence of ED increases with age. Between 15 and 25 percent of 65-year-old men experience this problem. In older men, ED usually has a physical cause, such as a drug side effect, disease or injury. Anything that damages the nerves or impairs blood flow in the penis can cause ED.
The following are some leading causes of erectile dysfunction: diabetes, high blood pressure, atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries), prostate surgery, hormone imbalance, alcohol and drug abuse.