Second of two parts
The shoulder is made up of three bones: the collarbone, shoulder blade and upper arm bone.
The shoulder is the body’s most movable joint. It is also unstable because the ball of the upper arm is larger than the shoulder socket that holds it. The unstable shoulder is held in place by soft tissue: muscles, tendons and ligaments.
First of two parts
Q. You can settle a bet for me. Who gets shoulder problems more often, athletes or seniors?
Athletes such as pitchers, tennis players and swimmers are especially susceptible to shoulder problems because of their repetitive overhead motions. However, shoulder problems are most likely to victimize people older than 60. You can deduce that, as a group, old athletes are at the highest risk of shoulder injury.
Q. What percentage of older men have erectile dysfunction (ED)?
The incidence of ED increases with age. Between 15 and 25 percent of 65-year-old men experience this problem. In older men, ED usually has a physical cause, such as a drug side effect, disease or injury. Anything that damages the nerves or impairs blood flow in the penis can cause ED.
The following are some leading causes of erectile dysfunction: diabetes, high blood pressure, atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries), prostate surgery, hormone imbalance, alcohol and drug abuse.
Q. My four-year-old grandson has begun to stutter. It upsets me and I don’t know how to handle it.
It should be reassuring to you to know that about five percent of children stutter for a period of about six months. Three-quarters of these children recover before they mature. About one percent of adults stutter.
Meanwhile, knowing how to talk to your grandson will help both of you.
Second of two parts
Most public health messages have focused on the hazards of too much sun exposure. But there is some sunny news about the sun.
Sunlight increases the body’s vitamin D supply. In seniors, vitamin D protects against osteoporosis, a disorder in which the bones become increasingly brittle. Vitamin D also protects against cancer, heart disease, and other maladies.
There are other benefits a daily dose of sunlight.
Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) is a form of depression that affects people when they don’t get enough sunlight.
First of two parts
Q. All I ever hear about the sun is how dangerous it is. But, when I was a child, my mother used to tell me to get out in the sun and play. Did my mother give me bad advice?
Most public-health messages focus on the hazards of too much sun exposure. Ultraviolet (UV) rays, an invisible component of sunlight, can cause skin damage, cataracts, wrinkles, age spots, and skin cancer.
But there is some sunny news about the sun.
Q. What is white-coat syndrome?
If you suffer from white-coat syndrome, your blood pressure jumps as soon as a doctor or nurse approaches you. If your doctor knows this, he or she may recommend a home blood-pressure monitor or ambulatory monitor that is worn around the clock and takes your pressure every 30 minutes.
Blood pressure tends to spike when you are excited by an emotion such as anger or fear. But high blood pressure, known as hypertension, is very sneaky. It’s called the silent killer because it usually has no symptoms.
Q. Can you get rid of warts with duct tape?
For starters, check with your doctor before beginning any self-treatment for warts. You might mistake another kind of skin growth for a wart and hurt yourself.
The jury is still out on duct-tape therapy for warts. A recent study showed that duct tape wiped out more warts than conventional freezing did. In this study, warts were covered with duct tape for six days. Then, the warts were soaked in warm water and rubbed with an abrasive such as pumice stone. The treatment was repeated for as long as two months.
Q. Does the plague still exist?
In the 1300s, the Black Death, as the plague was called, killed about one-third of the people in Europe. A combination of antibiotics and improved living conditions have made the plague rare today.
Plague is found throughout the world, except for Australia. The greatest number of human plague infections occurs in African countries. However, the largest concentration of infected animals is in the United States and in the former Soviet Union.
Q. Have you ever heard of sarcopenia?
This one made me go to the dictionary.
Sarcopenia, a Greek word that means loss of flesh, is the decrease in muscle tissue that comes with age.
Sarcopenia (pronounced sar-ko-Peen-ya) begins early in life. Studies show that after age 40, most people lose about one percent of their muscle mass each year.